Dicodin L.P. 60 mg Dihydrocodeine
Brand name: Dicodin L.P. 60 mg Dihydrocodeine by Mundipharma
Treatment: Moderate to severe pain, pain from a serious injury
Quantity per pack: 20 x 60 mg tablets
Price per pill: £2.00
Active ingredient: Dihydrocodeine Tartrate
Dicodin L.P. 60 mg Dihydrocodeine is also well known as DHC. It is an opiate type of painkiller. It’s most commonly used to treat moderate to severe pain. Such as pain resulting from a serious injury, or after one has undergone a serious operation. It is also often used for on-going pain types when weaker painkillers, such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin, simply offer little to no relief because of the sheer extent of the pain.
Dicodin L.P. 60 mg Dihydrocodeine is classed as a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic. It is commonly prescribed for pain or severe dyspnoea, or as an antitussive, either alone or compounded with paracetamol (acetaminophen) (as in co-dydramol) or aspirin. It was developed in Germany in 1908 and first marketed in 1911.
It is most commonly available as tablets, solutions and elixirs. It also comes in other oral forms, and is also available in some countries as an injectable solution for deep subcutaneous and intra-muscular administration. As with codeine, intravenous administration should be avoided. This is because it could result in anaphylaxis and life-threatening pulmonary edema. In the past, dihydrocodeine suppositories were used. Dihydrocodeine is available in suppository form on prescription. It is used as an alternative to codeine.
It was first described in 1911 and approved for medical use in 1948. It was developed during the search for more effective cough medication. Especially to help reduce the spread of tuberculosis, pertussis, and pneumonia in the years 1895 to 1915. It is similar in chemical structure to codeine. Dihydrocodeine is actually twice as strong as codeine. Although it does have extremely active metabolites, in the form of dihydromorphine and dihydromorphine-6-glucuronide (one hundred times more potent). These metabolites are produced in such small amounts that they do not have clinically significant effects.
Dihydrocodeine is also the original member and chemical base of a number of similar semi-synthetic opioids such as;
- dihydrocodeinone enol acetate
Dihydrocodeine has pain-relieving effects similar to that of codeine. It also works well for treating a range of pain-related conditions. According to the FDA (Food & Drug Administration), dihydrocodeine derives from, and produces effects similar to that of codeine. It produces short-acting, rapid onset effects. As a member of the codeine family, dihydrocodeine is a main ingredient in several types of prescription opiate drugs. Other codeine based medicines available include Codeine 19.5 mg Paderyl Sulfate by Gerda Pharma.
Brand names for dihydrocodeine include:
- Panlor DC
Though all these brand names are unique in a number of factors. They differ from each other based on strength of the drug and added ingredients. Such as aspirin and acetaminophen. Adding a non-opiate pain reliever helps to enhance the effects of dihydrocodeine without increasing the opiate concentration.
Dihydrocodeine street names can be hard to decipher, especially for unsuspecting friends and loved ones. Teenagers in particular use street names on a regular basis. Partly to try and look “cool” and partly to disguise their drug-using activities. Common street names for dihydrocodeine include:
With codeine as the main ingredient, dihydrocodeine street names may reference the codeine component and include the following:
Dihydrocodeine can be used as an analgesic and also as a cough suppressant. Depending on any one drug’s formulation, it can produce a fixed dose or controlled-release effects.
When applied as a treatment for pain, 15 to 16 mg doses in capsules or tablet forms are typically prescribed. Pain-killers may also contain non-opiate agents, such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen. These extra additives work to enhance dihyrocodeine’s pain relieving effects.
When being taken as a cough suppressant, it can be combined with decongestant and antihistamine agents as well.
According to the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, in doses of up to 2,500 mg, dihydrocodeine can also be used as a replacement therapy to treat cases of chronic heroin addiction. Replacement therapies help to wean addicts off heroin while relieving the uncomfortable withdrawal after-effects.
How it Works
As an opiate-based drug, dihydrocodeine stimulates dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin production, all of which are essential brain neurotransmitter chemicals. These interactions cause chemical activities in the brain and central system to slow down. In effect, slowed chemical activity slows down nerve signal transmission rates, which in turn blocks incoming pain signals from reaching the brain.